A Mycenaean palace brings to light the archaeological hoe that takes place from 2009 on the hill of Agios Vasilios, near Xirokampi.
During the surveys, many linear B-writing signs were found, the first recording of the Greek language, which constitute the most valuable finding of the excavation. The signs are a great archaeological find, as they are placed temporally in the sphere of protohistory for the Greek space, where the written evidence is minimal.
The excavation in the Holy Kingdom is carried out in recent years under the direction of the Honorary Registrar of Antiquities Adamantia Vasiologou, with the participation of a multidisciplinary scientific research team and is characterized as one of the most important systematic Excavations in the field of Greek protohistory.
It is worth noting, however, that research is carried out under difficult conditions, because the sanctuary has suffered widespread destruction in the past.
Buried building residues have been identified with a fixed orientation in an area of 35 acres.
The beginning of the installation dates back to the transitional period from Mesohelladic to the late Helladic-Mycenaean era (17th-16th century B.C.), which dates back to the cemetery of building crates of tombs and simple pits at the top of the hill. At the same time, the first construction phase of the installation was dated, which, according to the data so far, was destroyed at the end of the 15th century. Maybe a fire.
After this first catastrophe, new powerful and extensive palatial buildings are established. These are developed around a large central courtyard, on the two sides of which (south and west) has been uncovered a stoa of Pessokionias. In a West Stoa room, a record of the palace was kept, the excavation of which is underway. The raw clay plates, in which the texts were inscribed in Linear B script, were maintained thanks to a fire that also destroyed the new palatial buildings during the 14th century. E.g.. The archive includes signs of all known from the other palatial type centers, leaf and page chemistry, as well as labels and clay fillings. The texts refer to supplies of goods in sacred or sacred, male and female names, Toponymia and the title Anax in the general fall, Akatos.
With cult-religious practices is connected one of the buildings excavated east of the courtyard, building a. The fire roasted and maintained at a sufficient height the scapula and the screed of its internal dividing walls, in which they have up to Now researched ten rooms. These contained many characteristic devotional objects and utensils, such as clay figurines of cattle and elefantosteino figurine of a male figure holding a young calf or bull, a large clay rhyton in the shape of a bull’s head, Stone prochs with double rim, two Great Tritons, Mrs. Besides, many small decorative objects were found as well as seals, Egyptian beetles, and so on. In a room were kept, probably neatly in a crate of organic material, twenty bronze swords, while under the floor of another, a dense layer of animal bones, vases and precious small objects was found. With this mattress it is possible to relate the fire residues detected in an open space east of the building.
A large quantity of fragments of frescoes with characteristic Mycenaean themes found in the backfill of a second building and in a waste disposal site in an unstructured area, documents the existence of mural decoration in palatial buildings.
The palatial installation of AG. Vassiliou provides us with a unique ability to explore with the use of modern methods of excavation and analysis the creation and development of a Mycenaean palatial center with the aim of reconstructing the political, administrative, economic and Social organisation of the region. At the same time, new data on the Mycenaean religion and linguistics and palaeographic issues will emerge.
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