Speleology is the science that deals with the research of caves in all respects (discovery, technique of exploration and recording, surveying, geological study, photography, tourism development, etc.). Speleology began as a sport in the previous century and gradually evolved in a multifaceted science.
The cave is a large cavity on the rock above or below the surface of the Earth. The caves are usually formed in limestone rocks, with the help of the solvent action of groundwater. However, the formation of other rocks, such as lava, sandstones and marls, is not ruled out, while they are decorated with stalactites and stalagmites.
Access and exploration of caves is an extremely difficult task and often dangerous. For several it is a hobby or sport, having been trained and experienced the secrets and techniques. For others again a laborious systematic scientific work, because the caves are of particular and wide interest. Geological, hydrological, anthropological and historical studies are being studied. Climatic are of special interest. For this reason Speleology has two interesting occupations, sport and culture.
Apart from the tourist caves of Laconia (Kastanias and Diros) of particular interest are non-tourist accessible caves – only for speleologists – since it requires special equipment for exploration.
In the area of Faris the cave-precipice in Armitsa depth 48 m. It continues the underground labyrinthine route between the white vivid decoration of the embrace of this taygetos.
The path between the overgrown slope of taygetos from firs and pines leads to the Albanolakka of the municipality of Faris, which is the Albatross cave that hosts in its bowels the spring that the waters fall into the precipice of 45 m. An occasion for the tradition that wants the flute of the young shepherd to reach the source of the kingriver.